How do we do politics in the United States? This is the question which will animate this course on American government. As an introduction, this course will focus heavily on the federal government, its various branches, and its functions; by the end of the semester you should have a solid understanding of the basics of American governance. Yet this is not just a course on the formal institutions of government, but also on the ways that citizens interact with one another and other levels of government, and how those interactions affect policy at all levels.
To that end, interwoven with the discussion of formal politics will be an exploration of a particular moment in American history: the mid-1960s conflicts over civil rights. While there were many actors in those conflicts (and recognizing that the push for civil rights began long before and has lasted long after the 1960s) we will focus on the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), how and why they emerged, how those activists organized themselves, and how they related to others both pushing for and against civil rights.
While we are looking at SNCC for many reasons, the main reason is to consider the power relationship between citizens and those who would rule them. Note, of course, that not all who seek to rule are a part of the government—power in a democracy is widely, if unevenly, distributed— and that, crucially, the government that may be used to oppress may also be used to liberate.
Required readings (available at Lehman bookstore or online):
*WTP: Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore Lowi, Margaret Weir, Caroline Tolbert, & Robert Spitzer, We the People, 10th ed., ISBN 978 0 393 93705 3
*online Freedom Movement/SNCC readings (links available, below)
Attendance, 30 pts . . . 15%
Quizzes, 60 pts . . . 30%
Midterm Essay, Due October 16, 40 pts . . . 20%
Final Essay, Due December 18, 70 pts . . . 35%
Note: you will be given a separate handout for the essay assignments.
No extra credit will be available.
Attendance is mandatory, and will be taken at the outset of each class. It is expected that you participate in every class session. Lectures will cover both the course readings and additional materials. Try to complete the readings before the Tuesday class, and certainly by the Thursday session: You will be better prepared both to ask questions about the readings and to participate.
The quizzes will be short in-class closed-book fill-in-the-blank tests and cover a chapter or two. Quizzes will always be held at the beginning of the class on Tuesdays; specific dates will be announced in class the prior Thursday. The midterm and final essays, on the other hand, are scaffolded papers designed to get you to think about the connection between citizen actions and government functions.
Days 1-2: Introduction: Politics, democracy and political culture
August 28-30: Introduction; WTP chs. 1-3; Declaration of Independence
Days 3-4: Foundations
September 4-6: WTP chs. 1-3; Constitution, Federalist Nos. 10 & 51; begin ch 4
Days 5-6: Political society: Civil liberties & civil rights; Freedom Movement
September 13 & 20: WTP ch 4; online:
- Julian Bond, SNCC: What We Did
- Greensboro sit-ins, others: Read ‘Greensboro sit-ins (Feb)’ and ‘Sit-ins Sweep Across the South (1960-64)’
- SNCC Founding Statement
- SNCC Founded (April)
***No Class Tuesday, September 11 or 18: High holidays***
Days 7-8: Political society: Freedom Movt, Public opinion, Media
September 25-27: WTP chs. 5-6; online:
- Editorial, Into Sharp Focus, Greensboro Record Feb 3, 1960
- Editorial, Leadership at the Five and Ten, Greensboro Daily News, Feb 5, 1960
- B Bagdikian, Negro Youth’s New March to Dixie, Saturday Evening Post, 1961?
- A Bigelow, The White Problem, Liberation, Sept 1961
- DT Lovan, The Invisible Press, The Jackson Sun
- C Sitton, Negro Sitdowns stir fear of wider unrest in the South, NY Times, Feb 1960
- Jules Ffeiffer, various cartoons on civil rights, 1960-66
- Sit-in photos
- Gallup polls on civil rights, pp 1-3
Days 9-10: Political society: Freedom movement, interest groups
October 2-4: WTP, ch 8; online:
- First meeting of the SNCC
- SNCC Conference Recommendations
- SNCC Public Relations Report
- SNCC Meeting Minutes & Summary
- J White, The women of SNCC
Days 11-12: Political society: Freedom movement, interest groups
October 9-11: online:
- CORE, The Freedom Riders
- Chronology of the Freedom Rides
- W Mahoney, In Pursuit of Freedom, Liberation, Sept 1961
- PBS, Freedom Riders, three clips:
- Gallup poll on civil rights, pp. 3-4
Days 13-14: Institutions: The presidency, bureaucracy, and foreign policy
Midterm Essay Due
October 16-18: WTP chs 10, 11, & 14
Days 15-16: Institutions: The presidency, cont.
October 23-25: WTP chs 10, 11, & 14
Days 17-18: Institutions: The judiciary
October 30-November 1: WTP ch 12
Days 19-20: Political society and institutions: Parties & elections
November 6-8: WTP ch 7; online:
- H Enten, Were Republicans really the party of civil rights in the 1960s?
- Freedom Ballot in Mississippi (Oct-Nov 1963)
Days 21-23: Institutions: Congress, Domestic policy
November 13-15, 20: WTP, chs. 9, 13
***No Class Thursday, November 22: Thanksgiving***
Day 24-25: Institutions and political society
November 27-29: WTP chs 9, 13; online:
- Civil Rights bill passes in the House (Feb 1964)
- Civil Rights bill—battle in the Senate (March-June 1964)
Days 26-27: Claiming a right to be free
December 4-6: online:
- Mississippi Freedom Summer events (1964); read:
- Passage of Voting Rights Act (Mar-Aug 1965)
- Gallup poll on Freedom Riders, pp. 4-6
Day 28: Democracy, politics, and democratic politics
December 11: Wrap-up and review
Final Essay: December 18