Quiz guide: 20 will appear on the quiz
1. How many chromosomes total are contained in a cell of a member of Homo sapiens?
2. Which cells are haploid?
3. Which cells are diploid
4. Which chromosome has the most genes and which chromosome has the fewest genes?
5. List a chromosomal abnormality and its associated syndrome.
6. What is a gene?
7. What is an allele?
8. What are the base pairs of nucleotides in DNA? [spell out the words and put in pairs]
9. What is mapping?
10. What is sequencing?
11. Approximately how many genes are there in a member of Homo sapiens?
12. Name a disease associated with lethal recessive genes.
13. Traits such as personality, intelligence, & other behavioral characteristics are likely what kind of traits?
14. What is epigenetics?
15. Genes and/or traits which do not contribute to reproductive fitness may be what?
16. Gene transfer in which gametes are affected (i.e., changes passed to offspring) are known as what?
17. Name one difficulty to be overcome with gene transfer (state specifically what the problem is).
18. What is the gene transfer method known as ‘gene editing’?
19 & 20. What are the five (or so) steps involved in ART? [simply name steps]
21. How does the process of intracytoplasmic sperm injection differ from that of in vitro fertilization?
22. What is the process of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and why is it used?
23. Name one type of prenatal test and what it may reveal.
24. What are the two/three characteristics unique to all stem cells?
25. What are the three types of stem cells? [spell out the types]
26. What is pluripotency and how does it differ from multipotency?
27. What specifically is a teratoma and why does it matter in stem cell research?
28. What are the three germ layers?
29. Name one technical problem associated with the research or use of ESCs.
30. Name one technical problem associated with the research or use of iPSCs.
31. Name one technical problem associated with the research or use of ASCs.
32. What is somatic cell nuclear transfer?
33. Name one difficulty to be overcome in reproductive cloning (state specifically what the problem is).